It is a Debian-derived Linux distribution that is designed for penetration testing and digital forensics. It is totally funded and maintained by Offensive Security.
Development in Kali Linux Operating System
Kali Linux has about six hundred pre-installed penetration-testing programs, including Armitage, Nmap, Wireshark, John the Ripper password cracker, Aircracking, and OWASP ZAP web program security scanners.
The Kali Linux Project started quietly in 2012 when Dangerous Security decided that they had to manually run their coveted Backtrack Linux project, which would become a real Debian product, complete with the necessary infrastructure and advanced packaging. It was decided to make the cache on the Debian distribution because it is known for its high quality, consistency and wide selection of available applications.
The first version (1.0) was released a year later, in March 2013, and was based on Debian 7 “Weezy”, a stable distribution of Debian at the time. In the first year of development, they packaged hundreds of pen-testing-related applications and built the infrastructure. Although the number of applications is considerable, the application list is subtly curated, leaving applications that no longer work, or duplicate features already available in better programs.
With some investment in continuous integration, they ensure that all important packages are kept in a state of installability and that customized live imagery can always be created.
With version 2019.4 in November 2019, the default user interface has been changed from Gnome to Xfax, and the Gnome version is still available.
- System Requirements of Kali Linux
- This software requires a minimum of 3GB hard disk space for installation.
- A minimum of 512MB RAM is required for i386 and AMD64 architectures.
- A bootable DVD, CD drive or USB device.
For the smooth run, the recommended hardware specifications are given below:
- 10 GB space in a hard disk,
- at least 2048 MB of RAM
Features kali linux os
Kali Linux has a special project program that was dedicated to compatibility and porting to specific Android system called kali NetHunter.
Kali Linux was the first open source Android penetration testing platform application for Nexus systems. It was created by joint effort of Hazardous Security and Kali community member “Binky Bear”.
Backtrack has a mode known as forensic mode, which is taken to the kali via live boot. This mode is known for many reasons, as most kali users already have a bootable kali USB drive, CD or DVD, and this option makes it very easy to apply the kali to a forensic job. When booted in forensic mode, the system does not touch the internal hard drive or swap space and the auto mount is disabled.
Tools in Kali Linux OS
Kali Linux also includes security tools, such as:
- Burp suite
- John the Ripper
- Metasploit framework
- OWASP ZAP
- Social engineering tools
- Reverse engineering tools
These tools can be used for many purposes, most of which include exploiting a victim’s network or app, network discovery, or scanning the target IP address. Many tools from the previous version (back track) have been removed to focus on the most popular penetration testing applications.