What is the Difference between diabetes 1 and 2 | Difference in Diabetes

Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Difference

What is diabetes 1?

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, where the body’s defense system attacks the cells that produce insulin. The exact reasons for this are not yet known, but are linked to a combination of genetic and environmental conditions.

Type 1 diabetes affects people at any age but usually develops in children or young adults. Risk factors for type 1 diabetes are still being investigated. However, having a family member with type 1 diabetes may slightly increase the risk of getting the disease.

Difference between diabetes 1 and 2

Difference between diabetes one and two

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:

  • Abnormal thirst and dry mouth
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Lack of energy, tiredness
  • Constant hunger
  • Blurred vision
  • Bedwetting


All people with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin to control their blood glucose levels. There are different types of insulin depending on work time and how long they last. Insulin is generally delivered with an injection, insulin pen, or insulin pump.
Types of insulin include:

  • Rapid-acting
  • Short-acting
  • Intermediate-acting
  • Long-acting

Difference Between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes

What is diabetes 2?

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, accounting for 90% of all diabetes cases.
It is usually insulin resistant, where the body does not respond fully to insulin. As insulin does not work properly, blood glucose levels continue to rise, releasing more insulin.

For some people with type 2 diabetes, it eventually becomes pancreatic, resulting in the body producing less and less insulin, which also increases blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia).

Type 2 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in adults, but is more common in children, adolescents, and young adults due to escalation, physical inactivity and poor diet.

The cornerstone of Type 2 Diabetes Management is maintaining a healthy diet, increased physical activity and maintaining a healthy body weight. Oral medications and insulin are also often prescribed to help regulate blood glucose levels.

Risk factors

Some risk factors have been related with type 2 diabetes and include:

  • Family history of diabetes
  • Overweight
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Physical inactivity
  • Increasing age
  • High blood pressure
  • Ethnicity
  • Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)
  • History of gestational diabetes
  • Poor nutrition during pregnancy

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are similar to those of type 1 diabetes and include:

  • Excessive thirst and dry mouth
  • Frequent urination
  • Lack of energy, tiredness
  • Slow healing wounds
  • Recurrent infections in the skin
  • Blurred vision

Risk factors for type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes

Risk factors of type 1 diabetes

  • Family history: People with family members with type 1 diabetes have a high risk of developing it themselves.
  • Age: Type 1 diabetes can appear at any age, but it’s mainly common among children and young people.
  • Geography: The prevalence of type 1 diabetes increases the farther away you are from the equator.
  • Genetics: The presence of some genes point to an amplified risk of developing type 1 diabetes.

Risk factor of type 2 diabetes

  • Have prediabetes (slightly elevated blood sugar levels)
  • are overweight or obese
  • are over age 45
  • are physically inactive
  • are African-American, Hispanic or Latino American, American Indian, or Alaska Native
  • have polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • have a lot of belly fat

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